HTML Tutorial


Introduction to the Tutorial

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is the key to the world of WEB technology. In the HTML tutorial of TutorialFish.com, you will learn how to use HTML to create a website. HTML is very easy to learn! You will like it!


Tutorial Description

HTML is the universal hypertext markup language in the world. Through it, various elements such as pictures, links, music and programs can be realized. Nowadays, HTML is a basic skill that programmers must have.


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HTML History

HTML does not have 1.0, because there was a controversy about its first version. HTML 2.0 came out in 1995. In 1997, the official international organization W3C launched HTML 3.2 and HTML 4.0 standards. Later, W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) gradually became an authority in the field of Web technology. After a long evolution, in 2014, the HTML 5 standard finally came out.

  • HTML 2.0-In November 1995, RFC 1866 was published

  • HTML 3.2-On January 14, 1997, W3C published recommended standards

  • HTML 4.0- On December 18, 1997, W3C published recommended standards

  • HTML 4.01-December 24, 1999, W3C published recommended standards

  • HTML 5-On October 28, 2014, W3C released recommended standards


HTML Structure

The structure of HTML generally includes the <head> tag and the <body> tag. 

The two tags, <head> and <body>, respectively represent the head and body of the web page. The header can contain the title, keywords, description and other content of the page. It is not displayed as the content itself, but it affects the effect of the web page display. <body></body> is the actual content displayed on the web page, and body tags are also called entity tags. The page usually contains many pointers to other related pages or other nodes. By clicking, you can easily get new web pages. This is one of the most important reasons for the widespread use of HTML, and there is a correlation between these. An collection of pages is a website.

Why is HTML popularized? Thanks to the rapid development of the Internet, the demand for programming languages has soared. However, HTML5 has the simplicity of a superset method, wide application scalability, flexible platform adaptability, and simple versatility. With these characteristics, HTML is becoming more and more popular.


HTML5 Editing Specifications

  1. The file extension is htm or html by default, which is convenient for the operating system or program to recognize the file, and the picture is basically saved as gif or jpg

  2. The browser ignores the carriage return character by default, but in order to facilitate reading, people will still be used to carriage return after writing a piece of code

  3. Markers are enclosed in angle brackets, and elements with slashes indicate the end of the mark description. Most markers must be used in pairs to indicate the beginning and the end.

  4. Must use half-width instead of full-width characters (For i18N)

  5. The content of HTML comments <!--comments--> is not displayed.